I have to agree with the Luddites. Analog PTZ is far superior to IP MP Video. Especially if you need to really zoom in on tiny details, and you have a manned system…
…But that’s like judging a fish by it’s ability to climb trees (as Einstein supposedly said once).
Let’s flip it around, and ask how well an analog PTZ camera can look in two directions at once. Let’s ask if analog PTZ can do a tour at 90 degrees per second, 24-7-365 without breaking. Let’s try and do analog PTZ in Houston, from an office in New York on a shoestring. Let’s ask if we can change our minds and zoom in on a different area after the video was recorded.
Now, if an IP based optomechanical PTZ camera was given the same budget as the cost of wiring an analog one, then you would not be able to tell them apart at all. And I am guessing you don’t really need to spend the full budget to get equal performance – you can probably get good (perhaps not as good) performance a lot cheaper.
But what if you really wanted to replace a mechanical PTZ with a MP camera?
I guess a lot of installation were getting mechanical PTZ’s in the past because there was no other choice. Now there is. It’s fairly cheap to install 3 fixed cameras vs. 1 PTZ (simply because you don’t need to pull 3 cables all the way back to the recorder – you can pop in a POE switch and cluster the 3 cameras). If you then put in 3 decent cameras you are golden. You even get to see things from 3 vantage points – something PTZ will never do. Even if a vandal breaks one, you still have 2 others that are recording.
It is true that right now, the cost of 2 additional camera licenses are a burden, but I think that cost will come down dramatically over the next 24 months.
But a mechanical PTZ camera is really equivalent to a Gigapixel camera. If you do the maximum zoom level, and do a full pan-tilt of the area you get a huge resolution. If you were monitoring highways it would make sense to have an optical PTZ at the intersections which would allow you to zoom in much more than the MP would ever let you.
Another disadvantage to HD cameras are that they take up a lot of space and they require a lot of processing power to decode. This is mostly an issue for the client side developer (as we need to decode the frames to show them to you 😉 ), but an issue nonetheless. Some people will just compress the crap out of those feeds, but that totally negates the purpose. You might as well use a lower resolution camera then. Sometimes the framerate gets lowered to the point where you might as well be looking at a slideshow – but that might just be good enough for the user.
So I think Todd Rockoff is correct. HD and PTZ are complimentary.