In this tutorial, we’ll examine what it takes to create a very shitty NVR on a Windows machine. The UI will be very difficult to use, but it will support as many cameras as you’d like, for as long as you like.
The first thing we need to do is to download FFmpeg.
Do you have it installed?
OK, then we can move on.
Create a directory on a disk that has a few gigabytes to spare. On my system, I’ve decided that the x: drive is going to hold my video. So, I’ve created a folder called “diynvr” on that driver.
Note the IP address of your camera, the make and model too, and use google to find the RTSP address of the camera streams. Many manufacturers (wisely) use a common format for all their cameras. Others do not. Use Google (or Bing if you’re crazy).
Axis: rtsp://[camera-ip-address]/axis-media/media.amp Hanwha (SUNAPI): rtsp://[camera-ip-address]/profile[#]/media.smp Some random Hikvision camera: rtsp://[camera-ip-address]/Streaming/Channels/[#]
almost ready for the worlds shittiest NVR.
The first thing we’ll do is to open a command prompt (I warned you that this was shitty). We’ll then CD into the directory where you’ve placed the FFmpeg files (just to make it a bit easier to type out the commands).
And now – with a single line, we can make a very, very shitty NVR (we’ll make it marginally better at a later time, but it will still be shit).
ffmpeg -i rtsp://[...your rtsp url from google goes here...] -c:v copy -f segment -segment_time 10 -segment_wrap 10 x:/diynvr/%d.mp4
So, what is going on here?
We tell FFmpeg to pull video from the address, that’s this part
-i rtsp://[...your rtsp url from google goes here...]
we then tell FFmpeg to no do anything with the video format (i.e. keep it H.264, don’t mess with it):
FFmpeg should save the data in segments, with a duration of 10 seconds, and wrap around after 10 segments (100 seconds in all)
-f segment -segment_time 10 -segment_wrap 10
It should be fairly obvious how you change the segment duration and number of segments in the database so that you can do something a little more useful than having just 100 seconds of video.
And finally, store the files in mp4 containers at this location:
the %d part, means that the filename will be the digits of the segment as filename, so we’ll get files named 0.mp4, 1.mp4 … up to and including 9.mp4.
So, now we have a little circular buffer with 100 seconds of video. If anyone breaks into my house, I just need to scour through the files to find the swine. I can open the files using any video player that can play mp4 files. I use VLC, but you might prefer something else. Each file is 10 seconds long, and with thumbnails, in Explorer, you have a nice little overview of the entire “database”.
In the next part we will improve on these two things:
- Everything gets stored
- Constant writing to HDD
Oh, and if your camera is password protected (it should be), you can pass in the credentials in the rtsp url like so:
rtsp://[username]:[password]@[ the relevant url for your camera]